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Archaeology and History

Photo of Professor Nandini Chatterjee

Professor Nandini Chatterjee

Professor of South Asian History


01392 725067


I am a historian of South Asia. I work on law and cultural exchanges in the British and Mughal empires - with particular attention to religion and family. My first book was on the shaping on the minority religious community of Indian Christians, through legal, political, racial and theological contests over the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. My second book is a rare micro-history of a family of zamindars (landlords) and their negotiation of the  laws of the Mughal empire.

I have a long-standing interest in Digital Humanities, and in making historical research materials widely available. When studying the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, erstwhile final court of appeal of the British empire, I created an online catalogue of historic Privy Council papers in collaboration with Dr Charlotte Smith of Reading University, and the Digital Humanities lab at the University of Exeter.

I have taken these interestes further back in time, into the early modern Islamic and Persian-writing world. From 2017-2022, I directed an international and collaborative five-year ERC-funded project on Persian and bi-lingual legal documents from India, Iran and the northern Indian Ocean. The project is called Forms of Law in the early modern Persianate World, 17th-19th centuries. As part of this project, my colleagues and I have created Lawforms, a free online repository of legal documents from India and the Indian Ocean, written in Persian and various Indian languages. This is an innovative digital humanities project that I hope will produce a useful teaching and research tool, besides acknowledging and encouraging the work of family historians in South Asia. Also checkout the Lawforms blog here.

I was the director of the Exeter Centre for South Asia 2016-22. In the year 2020-21, I worked as joint chair of the History Decolonising Working Group at Exeter. Here are some blog posts in relation to our ongoing work and conversations. 

I am currently the Director of Research and Impact for the Department of Archaeology and History.

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I am currently directing a project titled Cast in Stone: Statues and Memories of Empire in Post-imperial France and Britain. This project is jointly funded by the AHRC and by Labex, and has two PIs based in France, Emmanuelle Sibeud and Julie Marquet. This is a public facing project related to colonial heritage, which will entail work with heritage professionals, activists, artists and legal authorities.

I have recently completed work on an ERC Starting Grant-funded project called "Forms of Law in the Early Moderm Persianate World, 17th-19th centuries.

This was a project about the writing of legal documents in the Persian language, which was common practice in a geographically vast and ethnically diverse cultural zone stretching from present-day Bangladesh up Yemen and east Africa. In many cases, Persian was combined with local vernaculars, and as such, this project is both the study of law in practice as well as multi-lingualism in operation. 

Full details may be found on the project web-pages. I welcome communication from individuals with associated interests and anticipate developing further projects in this connection.

Research collaborations

  I have worked with the Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany and the University of Virginia in connection with the ERC-funded project, Forms of Law in the Early Modern Persianate World, 17th-19th centuries, of which I am the PI. Prof Christoph Werner, University of Bamberg and Dr Fahad Bishara of the Department of History, University of Virginia were core members of the project team.  Professor Chander Shekhar, Department of Persian, Delhi University, is senior advisor of the Forms of Law project.    I am currently co-editing, with Prof. Crispin Bates, an exciting multi-volume book project with Bloomsbury Academic, on the Cultural History of South Asia.

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I am open to discussing research proposals on any relevant subject within my research expertise. I am especially happy to consider working with candidates with interests in Mughal history, Indo-Islamic history more broadly, and the history of British colonial rule in South Asia. I particularly welcome candidates from the countries of South Asia to get in touch with me.

Research students

First supervisor

Shreya Gupta, "Decolonising Collections:  Decolonizing Collections: Investigating Knowledge Formation Networks in Colonial India with specific reference to Numismatics."  

Prashant, "Gender and Law in the eighteenth-century Maratha Empire."

Second supervisor

Daniel Phillips, "The Proximity of Purpose in Colonial Zoological Gardens: An Entangled History of Empire and the Establishment of the Calcutta Zoological Gardens, 1867-1908' First supervisor: Dr Gajendra Singh


Sonia Wigh, "The Body of Words: A Social History of Sex and the Body in Medieval India." First supervisor: Prof. Sarah Toulalan

Lewis Wade, "Maritime Trade and State Regulationn: Maritime Averages in France during the Seventeenth Century." First supervisor: Prof. Maria Fusaro

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Copyright Notice: Any articles made available for download are for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the copyright holder.

| 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 |


  • Chatterjee N, Schrikker A, Lyna D. (2023) Paper Empires: Layers of Law in Colonial South Asia and the Indian Ocean, Law and History Review, volume 41, no. 3, pages 417-426, DOI:10.1017/S0738248023000081.
  • . P. (2023) Legalising and Enforcing Socio-Religious Norms: The State, Caste and Positions of Women in the Maratha Empire, 1674-1818.
  • Chatterjee N. (2023) Changing regimes of law in the age of competing empires in South Asia, Cambridge History of the Modern Indian Subcontinent, Cambridge University Press.










  • Chatterjee N. (2013) Review of Scottish Orientalists and India: The Muir Brothers, Religion, Education and Empire, by Avril A. Powell, Canadian Journal of History, volume 48, no. 2, pages 403-403.
  • Chatterjee N. (2013) Images of Islam: a murder in colonial Calcutta, Journal of Comparative Law, volume 7, no. 2, pages 78-95.


  • Chatterjee N. (2012) Review of Mithi Mukherjee. India in the Shadows of Empire: A Legal and Political History 1774–1950. 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press. 2011, American Historical Review, volume 117, no. 3, pages 837-838.
  • Chatterjee N. (2012) Muslim or Christian? Family quarrels and religious diagnosis in a colonial court, American Historical Review, volume 117, no. 4, pages 1101-1122, DOI:10.1093/ahr/117.4.1101.


  • Chatterjee N. (2011) The Making of Indian Secularism: Empire, Law and Christianity, 1830-1960, Palgrave Macmillan.


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External impact and engagement

In 2013-14, I led a panel of scholars for curating a temporary public exhibition on empire, law and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, for the UK Supreme Court. The exhibition was hosted in the UK Supreme Court July-September 2014, and was visited by approximately 26,000 people. The exhibition was associated with a number of lectures and other public-oriented actvities. See: A Court at the Crossroads of Empire.

Contribution to discipline

I am one of the editors of English Historical Review

Member, AHRC Peer Review College

I was one of the judges for the Jane Burbank essay prize of the American Society for Legal History, 2023

I was one of the judges for the inaugural book prize awarded by the British Association for South Asian Studies, 2022


I was honoured to deliver the inaugural Rex Nettleford lecture on 'Colonialism and its legacies' at Oriel College, Oxford, on 20 May 2022. You can watch a recording here.

In January 2022, I discussed my book Negotiating Mughal Law in an interview and podcast hosted by the Bangalore International Centre.

In 2021, I discussed household archives as sources of Mughal history in a talk hosted by Aligarh Society for History and Archaeology and Ganga Jamuni.

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I studied in universities in India, The Netherlands and the UK. I took my first degree in History from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India; then I studied in what I still consider to be the best university in the world: Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. My PhD in history was from Cambridge, with a brief interlude at the University of Amsterdam, where I tried to become an anthropologist, and failed.

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