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Archaeology and History

Photo of Dr Nelly Bekus

Dr Nelly Bekus



01392 726449


Dr Nelly Bekus 


(0000-0001-7206-0019) - ORCID

My research interests are in the Soviet and Post-Soviet studies of nationalism, memory and identity, the international history of heritage protection, postcolonial history of outer space, history of systemic transformation after the end of communism. 

I published monograph (Struggle Over Identity: The Official and Alternative Belarusianness) (CEU Press) in 2010, co-authored Orthodoxy Versus Post-communism? Belarus, Serbia, Ukraine and the Russkiy Mir. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholar Publishing, (2016), and co-edited a special issue of International Journal of Heritage Studies ‘Heritage, Socialism and Internationalism’ (2020). My works published in the Theory and Society, Slavic Review, International Journal of Heritage Studies, Nationalities Papers and others.

Before coming to Exeter in 2014, I held research posts at Harvard University, the Institute of Human Sciences in Vienna, New York University, and taught at the University of Warsaw. 

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My research addresses the social and cultural history of socialism in Soviet Union, the history of nationalism and postcommunist transformation, the politics of memory and transitional justice, social and cultural histories of outer space from postcolonial perspective.  

My current research project

Decolonising Modernity through the Cosmos: this project provides crucial insight into how ideas of postcolonial nationhood and globalism are imagined and performed through outer space development projects. Drawing on a multidisciplinary methodologies from both the social sciences and humanities, this projects brings into comparative and transnational study in order to: a) provide analysis of national space policies of postcolonial nations through the study of institutions, discourses and representations and infrastructure; b) investigate how transnational flows of space ideas and practices between nations can forge alternative pathways of globalisation; c) examine how diverse social, political and cultural actors contest the official outer space programmes and contribute to public debate on space policies. 

Research Funding:

     12/2020-12/2022 «Space in Cultural Landscape of Kazakhstan: Historical and Cultural Dimension” funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of Kazakhstan.

            04/2021-04/2023 “The contribution of the socialist states of Eastern Europe to international criminal and humanitarian law after 1945” Romanian Research Council.  

01/2014 - 06/2019  “1989 after 1989: Rethinking the Fall of State Socialism in Global Perspective,” funded by Leverhulme Trust. (University of Exeter) 

03/2016 – 06/2019 “The criminalisation of non-democratic pasts in Europe and Latin America in global perspective” AHRC (Care for the Future) – LABEX joint funded project (University of Exeter - University of Paris Ouest Nanterre).

01/2015-12/2017  Memory Practices: Conceptualization of the Past in the Contemporary Culture of Kazakhstan funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of Kazakhstan. (Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan.) 

12/2013 – 12/2014 The Impact of Orthodoxy on the Political Culture Transformation, funded by National Science Centre (Poland), member of EU Framework: New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Co-operation in Europe. (University of Warsaw, Poland). 

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Copyright Notice: Any articles made available for download are for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the copyright holder.

| 2024 | 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2014 | 2013 | 2011 | 2010 | 2008 |







  • Bekus N. (2019) Belarus's Winding Path to a Post-Soviet Identity, CURRENT HISTORY, volume 118, no. 810, pages 258-264. [PDF]
  • Bekus N. (2019) Agency of internal transnationalism in social memory, British Journal of Sociology, volume 70, no. 4, pages 1602-1623, DOI:10.1111/1468-4446.12620.


  • Bekus N. (2018) Religion for nation? Churches’ language policies in Belarus, The Languages of Religion, Routledge India, 177-200, DOI:10.4324/9780429465925-10. [PDF]
  • BEKUS N. (2018) Churches’ Language Policies in Post-Soviet Belarus, The Languages of Religion Exploring the Politics of the Sacred, Routledge, 177-200.
  • BEKUS N. (2018) Historical Reckoning in Belarus, Transitional Justice and the Former Soviet Union, Cambridge University Press, 109-132.



  • BEKUS N, Wawrzonek M, Korzeniewska-Wiszniewska M. (2016) Orthodox Christianity versus Postcommunism, Cambridge Scholars Publishing.



  • BEKUS N. (2013) Kresy Wschodnie w obliczu białoruskości. Obraz Polski w białoruskim dyskursie kulturowym, Polska Wschodnia i Orientalism / Eastern Poland and Orientalism, Scholar, 67-89.


  • Bekus NG. (2011) “East, West, or “In Between”? Three Post-Communist Concepts of the Belarusian Nation”, The East-West Discourse. Symbolic Geography and its Consequences, Peter Lang, European Academic Publishers.


  • Bekus NG. (2010) Belarus after 1989: the Struggle over the Nation between the Official and the Alternative Public Discourses, Beyond Imagined Uniqueness Nationalisms in Contemporary Perspectives, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 241-260.
  • Bekus NG. (2010) "Nationalism and Socialism: „Phase D” in the Belarusian Nation-Building", Nationalities Papers, volume 38, no. 6.
  • Bekus N. (2010) Struggle Over Identity The Official and the Alternative "Belarusianness", Central European University Press.


  • Bekus N. (2008) European Belarus versus state ideology: Construction of the nation in the Belarusian political discourses, POLISH SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW, no. 163, pages 263-283. [PDF]

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External impact and engagement

I have been involved in impact-generating activities through cooperation with museums and memory activist groups. Within “The Criminalization of Dictatorial Pasts” project, I co-organised several workshops for museum practitioners, including  the “Memory of Dictatorships in Latin America, Eastern Europe and Post-Soviet States” – jointly with the International Committee of Memorial Museums in Remembrance of the Victims of Public Crimes (IC-MEMO) at the General Assembly of ICOM (International Council of Museums) in Milan, 2016) – and the international workshop, “Building Bridges: Linking Memories of Past Dictatorships through Museums and Memorial Sites” (Bucharest, Romania) that brought together museum practitioners, memory activists and academic scholars working on memory. I also engaged in a series of public events that took place at Memorial Museums across the post-Soviet world (Kazakhstan, Russia, and Belarus) with independent memory activists to discuss the challenges inherent to memory work in post-Soviet countries and to facilitate cross-cultural cooperation between memory activists. 

Contribution to discipline

I have reviewed publications for following journals: 

Nationalities Papers 

Memory Studies 

History and Memory

International Journal of Heritage Studies 

Europe-Asia Studies 

Communist and Postcommunist Studies 

East European Politics and Society 

Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development,

Central Europe 

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This year I convene MA module HISM043 Critical Approaches to the History of violence and teach modules HIH1043 “The End of Communism”, HIH1600 "Images of Stalinism" and HIH2011A "Forgetting Fascism Remembering Communism".

I also supervise individual projects in HIH2001 Doing History and dissertations.

Teaching Awards 

  • Above and Beyond Silver Award, 2022.  
  • Above and Beyond Award, University of Exeter (UK), 2021
  • Above and Beyond Award, University of Exeter (UK), 2020. 

Modules taught

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I completed my PhD at the Graduate School for Social Research, at the Polish Academy of Sciences and worked as an Assistant Professor at the University of Warsaw (2008-2012). I have received several research fellowships at the Institute of Human Sciences in Vienna (2003), the Remarque Institute, NYU (2007), vising scholarship at Hokkaido University, Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University (2012-13), and Aleksanteri Institute visiting feollowship (2020). 

I joined the History Department at the University of Exeter in January 2014.

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