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Archaeology and History

Photo of Professor Leif Isaksen

Professor Leif Isaksen

Professor in Digital Humanities


01392 724531


I am Director of Digital Humanities at the University of Exeter, based in the Digital Humanities Lab, and affiliated with the Department of Classics and Ancient History. I am also Digital Humanities Theme Lead for the Institute of Data Science and AI (IDSAI).

My main interests are in spatial and temporal representation in the humanities - both in the ancient world and the modern one - and the paradigm of Linked Open Data to relate online resources about the past. This is most notably as director of several projects associated with the Pelagios Network, including the development of the Recogito annotation platform. In recent years I directed the Cluny Hill Dig.

I have been involved with a number of Humanities and Digital Humanities activities and organisations worldwide, including CAA, EADH and ISHMap, and was Executive Board Chair of the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organisations (ADHO) in 2019-2021. I am a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland and former Fellow of the Alan Turing Institute.

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My research interests lie in two distant but related fields: the development of geographic thought and representation in Antiquity and the Middle Ages, and the emerging role of the Web as a transformational medium for communicating and connecting complex information.

Since 2013 I have directed several projects funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation associated with the Pelagios Network, a collaboration between researchers, memory institutitions and educators worldwide to facilitate the use of Linked Open Geodata in the humanities. Along with supporting a variety of initatiatives through its Working Groups and Resource Development grant programs, we have developed two award-winning pieces of software: Recogito, an online platform for Semantic Annotation of texts, images and datatables ('Best Tool or Suite of Tools', DH Awards 2018), and Peripleo, a demonstrator semantic search engine ('Best Data Visualization', DH Awards 2016).

I have an ongoing interest in the cartography of the ancient world. In recent years I conducted a statistical and morphological analysis of the Geographike Hyphegesis ('Geography') of Claudius Ptolemy (c. 150 AD) that clarifies the framework of temporal meridians around which was constructed. A separate study has shown the close relationship between the Peutinger Map (originating c. 4th century), and a coastal itinerary described in the Ravenna Cosmography (c. 700 AD). This has helped to provide to define a plausible extent for the missing portion of the former, in turn shedding light on its original purpose.

In addition to these I am investigating an Iron Age hillfort on Cluny Hill, Scotland (see Fieldwork)

Research collaborations

The Pelagios Network is a formal association and partnership of over 25 research initiatives and institutions around the world.

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I am open to discussing research proposals on any relevant subject given my research expertise. I am especially happy to consider working with candidates with interests in the following areas related to the digital humanities:

  • Linked Open Data/Semantic technologies
  • Geospatial technologies
  • Aggregation, retrieval and analysis of historical, classical and archaeological resources

I am also happy to supervise/co-supervise PhDs in:

  • The development of mapping and geographic thought before 1500
  • The archaeology of north east Scotland

If you are interested in undertaking a PhD on these topics, please send me a 500 word outline of your research proposal and a copy of your CV.

Research students

Fiona Carroll -  Mobility and long-distance communication in the Hellenistic world and the role of boundaries

Andrew Climo - Cornish Onomastics: Past, Present and Future

Alexandra Warminksi - (De)Constructing Borders: A Digital Investigation into the Archaeological and Cultural Landscapes in the Cartography of the Levant and Iraq

Matthew Clark - Watching All the Roads to Rome: The Roman military’s exploitation of topography to exert control over the movement of frontier populations

William Ward - Machine Learning for mapping historic natural habitat change (co-supervised with the National Trust within the Environmental Intelligence CDT)

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Copyright Notice: Any articles made available for download are for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the copyright holder.

| 2020 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2012 |


  • Adamou A, Daga E, Meroño-Peñuela A, van Erp M, Isaksen L, Antonini A, Bangert D, Barker E, Benatti F, Bodard G. (2020) Preface, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, volume 2695, pages 1-2.


  • Isaksen L, Anderson D, Demay L, Markkussen C, Saunders M, Sharpe M. (2018) Lost in Plain Site: the hill fort on Cluny Hill, Forres, Forgotten, Hidden & Lost: Unearthing Moray’s Archaeology. Elgin Museum Archaeology Conference 2017, Elgin, 4th - 5th Nov 2017, Forgotten, Hidden & Lost: Unearthing Moray’s Archaeology. Proceedings of the Elgin Museum Archaeology Conference 2017, pages 38-47.
  • Simon R, Barker ETE, Vitale V, Kahn R. (2018) Peripleo. [PDF]
  • Simon R, Barker ETE, Vitale V, Kahn R. (2018) Recogito Semantic Annotation platform. [PDF]



  • Barker E, Bouzarovski S, Isaksen L. (2016) Introduction, New Worlds from Old Texts, Oxford University Press (OUP), 1-22, DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664139.003.0001.
  • Barker E, Isaksen L, Ogden J. (2016) Telling Stories with Maps, New Worlds from Old Texts, Oxford University Press (OUP), 181-224, DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664139.003.0009.
  • Simon R, Isaksen L, Barker ETE, de Soto Cañamares P. (2016) Peripleo: a tool for exploring heterogenous data through the dimensions of space and time, Code4Lib, no. 31.
  • Simon R, Isaksen L, Barker ETE, de Soto Cañamares P. (2016) The Pleiades Gazetteer and the Pelagios Project, Placing names, Indiana University Press, 97-109.
  • Isaksen L. (2016) The hilltop enclosure on Cluny Hill, Forres: description, destruction, disappearance.
  • Barker ETE, Isaksen L, Simon R, de Soto Cañamares P. (2016) Situating Pelagios: Place theory, networks, linked data, and the practice of annotation, Linking Places, Placing Links, Indiana University Press.
  • Adamou A, Daga E, Isaksen L. (2016) Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Humanities in the Semantic Web co-located with 13th ESWC Conference 2016 (ESWC 2016), CEUR Workshop Proceedings.


  • Simon R, Isaksen L, Barker ETE, de Soto Cañamares P. (2015) Linking early geospatial documents, one place at a time: annotation of geographic documents with recogito, e-Perimetron, volume 10, pages 49-59, article no. 2.
  • Isaksen L, Barker ETE, R Ogden J. (2015) Telling stories with maps: digital experiments with Herodotean geography, New worlds from old texts, Oxford University Press, 181-224.
  • Barker ETE, Bouzarovski S, Isaksen L. (2015) Introduction: creating new worlds out of old texts, New worlds from old texts, Oxford University Press, 1-21.
  • Barker ETE, Pelling C, Bouzarovski S, Isaksen L. (2015) New worlds from old texts: revisiting ancient space and place, Oxford University Press.



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External impact and engagement

See Fieldwork

Contribution to discipline

I have an extensive history of working with Digital humanities initiatives and organisations internationally, in particular 

I was previously the Chair of the Executive Board of the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organisations (ADHO, 20-19-2021), a coalition of 10 Digital Humanities organizations worldwide that promotes and supports digital research and teaching across all arts and humanities disciplines, acts as a community-based advisory force, and supports excellence in research, publication, collaboration and training.

Between 2012-19 I was an Executive Board Member of the European Association for the Digital Humanities (EADH)

Between 2012-2019 I was Trustee and Treasurer of the International Society for the History of the Map (ISHMap)

Between 2009-2012 I was a Steering Committee Member of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA)

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I co-convene two modules on Digital Humanities as part of the Liberal Arts programme. These are available to all undergraduate students in the College of Humanities or SSIS, space permitting.

  • Enter the Matrix: Digital Perspectives on the Humanities
  • Hacking the Humanities: How to Plan and Run Successful Digital Projects

Modules taught

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I am originally from Moray, Scotland. My first degree was in Philosophy at King's College, Cambridge, following which I spent several years as a language teacher and healthcare software developer in Berlin, Germany. In 2003 I began a part-time MSc in Archaeological Computing at the University of Southampton, and then worked for two years as an IT Officer at Oxford Archaeology South. In 2007 I returned to Southampton to do a Computer Science PhD on 'Archaeology and the Semantic Web'. Following a brief post-doc on Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) at Oxford's Ioannou Centre I became a Lecturer at Southampton's Archeology Department where I worked for four years. In 2015 I moved to Lancaster University's History Department as Senior Lecturer in Spatial History. In 2017 I joined the University of Exeter's Department of Classics & Ancient History and Digital Humanities Lab as Professor in Digital Humanities.

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